By Youssef M. Choueiri
Справочник «История Ближнего Востока» предлагает свежий взгляд на многогранную и многослойную историю этого региона, к которому отнесены Иран, Турция, Израиль и Арабский мир.
В его составе – 26 очерков международного коллектива ученых, акцентированных, в основном, на новом и новейшем периоде. В очерках уделено внимание религиозной, социальной, культурной, экономической, политической и военной истории. Затронуты также текущие проблемы, такие как - нефтяной вопрос , урбанизация, роль женщин и права человека.Образцы сканов:
Read or Download A Companion to the History of the Middle East PDF
Similar middle east books
Time journal indexed him as one among its "100 those that form Our international. " Newsweek featured him on its hide below the headline "How Al-Sadr may perhaps keep an eye on U. S. destiny in Iraq. " Paul Bremer denounced him as a "Bolshevik Islamist" and ordered that he be captured "dead or alive.
The Cambridge background of Iran is an eight-volume survey of Iranian historical past and tradition, and its contribution to the civilisation of the area. All elements of the non secular, philosophical, political, financial, clinical and inventive parts in Iranian civilisation are studied, with a few emphasis at the geographical and ecological components that have contributed to that civilisation's distinct personality.
This fascinating paintings tells of Afghanistan sooner than the Taliban - a land of majestic mountains and arid plains, terrain infected via the lethal remnants of struggle; landmines and unexploded ordnance, silent killers able to kill and maim the blameless and unsuspecting. A ancient and undying land of fearless warriors and not ending-conflict.
The second one 1/2 the 19th century marks a watershed in human background. Railroads associated distant hinterlands with towns; overland and undersea cables hooked up far away continents. New and available print applied sciences made the extensive dissemination of rules attainable; oceangoing steamers carried items to far off markets and enabled the best long-distance migrations in recorded background.
Additional resources for A Companion to the History of the Middle East
HAWTING uncle of the Prophet. They moved the centre of power to Iraq, where they began to build a new capital at Baghdad in 762. 10 It was under the Abba¯sids that the learning and tradition of Islam, especially the Prophet’s Sunna and the interpretation of the Qur a¯n, thus far transmitted mainly by word of mouth, came to be written down. It is from around the end of the second/eighth century onwards that the earliest texts of the Muslim tradition that have come down to us, in various fields of learning, date.
The fact that from about A D 800 onwards we see the production of a vast mass of traditional literature that has survived and been transmitted until today can suggest a different perspective, however. It may be taken to indicate that the formative period of Islam was coming to its end, that the religion and culture that had been developing in the Middle East following the Arab conquests a hundred and fifty years before was now showing signs of fruition. It too may be used to support the understanding of the rise of Islam as a gradual growth that reached maturity in the third/ninth century.
Following the occultation of the twelfth Imam, specifically Shı¯ ite collections of hadiths, commentaries on the Qur a¯n, works of theology (kala ¯m), books of law (_ fiqh), and other texts specific to the Twelver tradition came to be written and have remained definitive of that tradition until today. 13 For traditional Sunnı¯s and Shı¯ is the establishment of their respective systems of authority – which constitute for us the essence of the two traditions – was merely the consolidation and expression in writing of institutions and ideas established in the time of the Prophet.
A Companion to the History of the Middle East by Youssef M. Choueiri