By Arshin Adib-Moghaddam
Because the architect of the Iranian Revolution of 1979, Ayatollah Khomeini is still the most inspirational and enigmatic figures of the 20th century. The revolution put Iran on the leading edge of heart East politics and the Islamic revival. 20 years after his dying, Khomeini is respected as a religious and political figurehead in Iran and in huge swathes of the Islamic international, whereas within the West he's remembered by way of many as a dictator and the instigator of Islamist disagreement. Arshin Adib-Moghaddam brings jointly distinct and rising students during this accomplished quantity, which covers all features of Khomeini's existence and significantly examines Khomeini the flesh presser, the thinker, and the religious chief, whereas contemplating his legacy in Iran and additional afield in different components of the Islamic international and the West. Written via students from various disciplines, the publication will turn out beneficial to scholars and basic readers attracted to the lifestyles and instances of Khomeini and the politics that he encouraged.
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Tudeh Iran’s communist party, established in 1941. Twelve Imams A succession of twelve rightful leaders of the Muslim community following the death of Prophet Mohammad, appointed and drawn from his family through the line of Fatima, consisting of: Ali ibn Abi Talib (Imam Ali), Hassan ibn Ali (Imam Hassan), Hussein ibn Ali (Imam Hussein), Ali Zain al-‘Abideen (Imam Zain al-‘Abideen), Mohammad al-Baqer (Imam al-Baqer), Imam Ja’far al-Sadeq, Imam Musa al-Kadhim, Ali al-Ridha (Imam Ridha), Imam Mohammad al-Jawad, Ali al-Hadi (Imam al-Hadi), Hassan al-Askari (Imam al-Askari), and Mohammad al-Mahdi (Imam Mahdi).
Chief among them was Muhaqiq al-Karaki (also al-Thani), a pivotal clerical personality that readily carried the torch of the state-sponsored Shi’ism institutionalised during that period. 28 As a consequence, the usuli (rationalist) school of Shi’i Islam increasingly dominated the seminaries and pushed back the followers of the traditionalist (akhbari) paradigm. 30 Philosopher, Theologian, Revolutionary, Politician My emphasis on a clerical world view needs to be qualified further now, for Khomeini was not merely a mujtahid that was born and raised within a society permeated by a thick fabric of religious norms and institutions, but a revolutionary cleric who rejected some of the same.
634 AD), Umar ibn Khattab (d. 644 AD), Uthman (d. 656 AD), and Ali ibn Abi Talib (d. 661 AD), and existing in various dynastical forms until its dissolution in 1924 by Mostafa Kemal Ataturk. Considered a sacrosanct institution by many Sunnis, and illegitimate by the Shi’i. See Twelve Imams. Faqih (Pl. Fuqaha) A jurisprudent of Islamic law. Fatwa (Pl. Fatawa) A religious and legally binding edict or verdict produced by a faqih. Fedaiyan-e Islam Devotees of Islam, a clandestine Islamic organization group founded in Iran by Navab Safavi (d.
A Critical Introduction to Khomeini by Arshin Adib-Moghaddam