By Guillermo Lora
This booklet is an abridgement and translation of Guillermo Lora's five-volume background. It offers with the strengthening and radicalisation of Bolivia's organised labour flow, which culminated within the drastic progressive adjustments of the Nineteen Fifties. the 1st part deals a reinterpretation of Bolivian heritage within the century previous the revolution, considered from the point of view of the operating type. the second one part discusses in additional aspect the key political occasions and doctrinal problems with a interval within which the writer, as secretary of the Trotskyist Partido Obrero Revolucionario, himself usually performed an lively half. regardless of the unconventional upheaval that happened within the fifties and the mobilisation of large sectors of the inhabitants round such radical ambitions as direct estate seizures, union-nominated ministers and union, army and employee keep an eye on, the labour flow was once not able to keep up its conquests within the Sixties. The concluding chapters describe the interval of renewed army repression and the ongoing efforts of the labour flow to withstand.
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Additional info for A History of the Bolivian Labour Movement 1848–1971
3 These ideas imply a whole programme: the development of the country and the defence of its territorial integrity depended on strong investments by foreign capital, and on the integration of the country into the world market and its association with the interests of the highly developed countries. Jose Avelino Aramayo was the first to travel to Europe in search of markets for minerals such as bismuth, and for capital to develop the mining industry. The Aramayos and England In 1856 Jose Aramayo set up the unsuccessful Sociedad del Real Socavon which aimed to promote the exploitation of the Cerro de Potosi.
The agreement reached in London was enthusiastically welcomed, not only as a fortunate event for the Aramayos but also as the opening of a new path for Bolivia. M. Reyes Cordona congratulated Jose A. Aramayo in Paris on 12 October 1869: Your son has had the good fortune and the skill to negotiate an agreement for which all Bolivians must congratulate him, since it is almost certain that it will bring a new era of prosperity and all kinds of improvements to our fatherland . . 4 The importance of the Aramayos' company and its extension on to an international level have been discussed by Mariano Baptista (President, 33 The rise of the mineowners 1892—6), who can perhaps be considered as the theoretician who justified the new ideas of the large mineowners: To get our mining shares quoted in the hectic transactions of the London capital market, to develop these mountains and convert them into market value, to transform them into money, into bank notes, into credit notes which can be traded in the world's greatest financial centre - how fruitful it will all be!
There can be no doubt about Belzu's creative energy and enthusiasm, but even though he tried, through his policies, to cooperate in the development of the productive forces, he showed that it was impossible to transform the economy by using the peasants and the artisans as a starting point, because their situation merely reflected the legacy of outmoded colonial structures. 10 Book 2: Mineowners, artisans and Utopian socialists 4. The rise of the mineowners One can but ask what became of the wealthy mineowners of the colonial period, and the powerful guild of azogueros (silver smelters), who in their time created the exceedingly important bank of San Carlos de Potosi.
A History of the Bolivian Labour Movement 1848–1971 by Guillermo Lora