By Kenneth M. Setton, Marshall W. Baldwin
The six volumes of A heritage of the Crusades will stand because the definitive heritage of the Crusades, spanning 5 centuries, encompassing Jewish, Moslem, and Christian views, and containing a wealth of data and research of the background, politics, economics, and tradition of the medieval global.
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Additional resources for A History of the Crusades, Volume I: The First Hundred Years
Abū ʿĪsā al-Warrāq”, p. 224. Yarshater, “Mazdakism”, pp. ; Madelung, Religious Trends, p. 10. Maqdisī, Badʾ, vol. ii, pp. 20 f. = 20; compare Ibn al-Nadīm, Fihrist, p. 394 (cited in G. Flügel, Mani, seine Lehre und seine Schriften (Leipzig, 1862), pp. ); Scher, “Histoire nestorienne”, part i, 1, in Patrologia Orientalis, vol. iv (Paris, 1908), p. 227 = 226; G. Widengren, “Manichaeism”, in The Cambridge History of Iran, vol. iii (2), p. 978. The Manichaeans also regarded the sun as a carrier of souls/light.
Cf. F. Cumont, Oriental Religions in Roman Paganism (New York, 1956), p. 138; cf. also J. Bidez and F. Cumont, Les mages hellénisés (Paris, 1938). I hope to publish, jointly with John Hall, a volume of conference papers on the attestation of such ideas throughout the preindustrial world. ] Molé, “Ascétisme moral”, pp. ; idem, “Sectes”, pp. 24f. Shaki, “Social Doctrine”, pp. ; Molé, “Sectes”, pp. 24f. (both citing the Dēnkard). See for example A. Bausani, The Persians (London, 1971) p. 63; Frye, “The Political History of Iran under the Sasanians”, in The Cambridge History of Iran, vol.
2303f. = Epic, p. 319); but compare the Dēnkard in Molé, “Sectes”, pp. ; Shaki, “Social Doctrine”, pp. 290 ff. ʿAbd al-Jabbār, al-Mughnī, vol. v, ed. M. al-Khuḍayrī (Cairo, 1965), p. 16 = G. Monnot, Penseurs musulmans et religions iraniennes (Paris, 1974), p. 164; al-Shahrastānī, Kitāb alMilal waʾl-niḥal, ed. W. Cureton (London, 1846), p. 193 = idem, Religionspartheien und Philosophen-Schulen, tr. Th. Haarbrücker (Halle, 1850), vol. i, p. 291; Dabistān, vol. i, p. 166 = vol. i, p. 377. On their common source, see below, n.
A History of the Crusades, Volume I: The First Hundred Years by Kenneth M. Setton, Marshall W. Baldwin