By Kenneth M. Setton, Harry W. Hazard, Norman P. Zacour
The six volumes of A heritage of the Crusades will stand because the definitive background of the Crusades, spanning 5 centuries, encompassing Jewish, Moslem, and Christian views, and containing a wealth of knowledge and research of the background, politics, economics, and tradition of the medieval global.
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Extra resources for A History of the Crusades, Volume VI: The Impact of the Crusades on Europe
However, hundreds of people were evicted before a leader of the Gang convinced Yitzhak Rabin, the commander of the Jerusalem Brigade (later Israel’s General Chief of Staff in the June 1967 war and its prime minister twice before he was assassinated for his role in pushing forward the Oslo Peace process in November 1995), to stop the expulsion. 38 The intriguing aspect of this story is that, despite their dangerous existence and these incidents, those who led, or aspired to lead, the fragmented and traumatized community of Palestinians in Israel operated on the assumption that they were living in a democracy rather than an ethnocracy.
The struggle against exclusion through the law of citizenship very early on distinguished the Palestinian struggle inside Israel from that of other Palestinian groups. The former wanted to be recognized within the Jewish state, while other Palestinian forces were struggling against the very idea of a Jewish state. In general we can conclude by saying that until 1966, the state responded to these political and national impulses with a mixture of alienation and oppression through the imposition of harsh military rule.
This took place throughout 1949 when the international community, and in particular the UN, wanted Israel to allow the unconditional return of the refuges to their homes (as articulated in UN General Assembly Resolution No. 194, from 11 December 1948). 9 They came back, mainly from Lebanon, and found that in the short period of their absence their houses had been taken by Jewish immigrants, and thus notable families who had lived in relative luxury on Mount Carmel during the Mandatory Palestine years had to be content with shabby rooms in the dense, poor neighbourhoods of inner Haifa.
A History of the Crusades, Volume VI: The Impact of the Crusades on Europe by Kenneth M. Setton, Harry W. Hazard, Norman P. Zacour