A History of the Modern Middle East (4th Edition) - download pdf or read online

By William L. Cleveland, Martin Bunton

ISBN-10: 0813343747

ISBN-13: 9780813343747

This accomplished paintings presents a penetrating research of recent center jap historical past, from the Ottoman and Egyptian reforms, during the problem of Western imperialism, to the yankee invasion of Iraq and Iran’s new impact within the area. After introducing the reader to the region’s historical past from the origins of Islam within the 7th century, A background of the trendy center East specializes in the prior centuries of profound and infrequently dramatic switch. even supposing outfitted round a framework of political background, the ebook additionally conscientiously integrates social, cultural, and monetary advancements right into a unmarried, expertly crafted account. In updating this fourth version of the past due William Cleveland’s well known introductory textual content, Martin Bunton addresses contemporary transformative advancements within the heart East, charting the decline within the peace clients among Israelis and Palestinians, elaborating upon the resurgence of Islam, and devoting a brand new bankruptcy to “America’s bothered second within the center East,” which information the aftermath of the Iraq battle and Iran’s nuclear ambitions.

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Extra resources for A History of the Modern Middle East (4th Edition)

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These movements have defined the incumbent regimes, whether in Egypt or elsewhere, as irreligious and have claimed that it is therefore necessary to overthrow them by means of a popular jihad. In addition to its spiritual connotations, jihad means armed struggle against non-Muslims for the purpose of expanding or defending the territory under Muslim rule. Jihad, then, is a nuanced doctrine, and rendering it simply as “holy war” is incorrect and should be avoided. ˛ The Shari ah: The Integration of Religion and Society The five pillars constitute the essential framework of Muslim worship.

Qxd 10/14/08 8:45 AM Page 19 2 The Development of Islamic Civilization to the Fifteenth Century P AT T E R N S O F I S L A M I C H I S T O R Y Islamic history is sometimes treated as the rise and decline of the Abbasid Empire. In this version of the Islamic past, the chronological signposts are presented in the following manner: During the years from 750 to 945, an absolutist empire centered in Baghdad experienced a period of economic growth, cultural richness, and political stability that made it the dominant world power of the era.

Sufism, or Islamic mysticism, embodies a rich variety of religious experiences. It began as an ascetic movement among individuals who opposed the worldliness and materialism of the Umayyad court in Damascus. During the ninth century Sufism evolved into a devotional movement centered on the love of God. Sufi worship acquired ecstatic characteristics, and its practices spread among the population in the central Islamic lands. In place of the formal intellectualism of the ulama, Sufism represented emotional religious experience, an attempt to attain closer communion with God; in the Islamic context, this meant to come as close to God as Muhammad had done.

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A History of the Modern Middle East (4th Edition) by William L. Cleveland, Martin Bunton

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