By Anna Contadini
The Kitāb Naʿt al-Ḥayawān is the earliest of a gaggle of illustrated manuscripts facing the features of animals and their medicinal makes use of. the current examine considers either the confluence of textual traditions inside of this paintings and the stylistic and iconographic relationships of its illustrations, which make it a key witness to early thirteenth-century Arab portray. After a second look of prior methods, emphasis is put on bearing on photograph to textual content, on stylistic affiliations, and at the modalities of creation, supported through technical analyses undertaken for the 1st time. In elucidating the actual context of this targeted manuscript, the examine contributes to our figuring out of a serious interval within the improvement of center jap portray and paintings.
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Additional resources for A World of Beasts: A Thirteenth-Century Illustrated Arabic Book on Animals (the Kitāb Na‘t al-Ḥayawān) in the Ibn Bakhtīshū‘ Tradition
In the Naʿt we find the latter part of the usefulness of the Wall Gecko beginning at fol. 249r (= Esc. fol. 142v), followed by the Green Lizard ʿaḍāya,17 and continuing until fol. 250r, and it is clear that at least one and probably two folios are missing, possibly containing the paintings of the Beetles and the Gecko, as in the Escorial, although this is not absolutely certain, as not every animal treated in this section is represented. The Green Lizard is followed on fol. 250r by the Chameleon—omitted from the heading— and a Chameleon-like animal (kubaḥ ).
253r, followed by a representation (untitled) of the Lice, Ticks, Mites and Weevils (Cat. 85), the discussion of which begins on fol. 253v and continues on fol. 248r, where there is space for a missing painting, and fol. 248v, after which there is another disconti- 16 17 For classical Arabic ʿaẓāh. For classical Arabic ʿaẓāya. 24 chapter two nuity. Comparison with the manuscript in the Escorial indicates that there is one missing folio concerning the Millipede and the Badger, which possibly contained illustrations of both: on fol.
We may suppose, rather, there to have been on the preceding recto a normal distribution of material consisting of a picture of the partridge followed by (probably) three lines of text; and also that the preceding 4v was originally blank, so that the later copying in of the beginning of the partridge text could be spread over two pages, each framed. If we accept that the section on birds, in its normal position after that on quadrupeds, began as in both the Escorial and BnF manāfiʿ with the cockerel and hens followed by the partridge, then the text proceeds in a normal way until, after the 18 chapter two Fig.
A World of Beasts: A Thirteenth-Century Illustrated Arabic Book on Animals (the Kitāb Na‘t al-Ḥayawān) in the Ibn Bakhtīshū‘ Tradition by Anna Contadini