By Subbiyan Rajendran
This assortment offers a close assessment of ways textiles are included into wound care purposes, explaining the significance and suitability of utilizing textiles on varied wound varieties. It introduces wound care and covers wound administration and the significance of laboratory checking out relating to wound care. It comprehensively stories different cloth dressings to be had, wet may administration, and bioactive dressings to advertise therapeutic. The concluding chapters describe how complicated textiles, similar to shrewdpermanent temperature managed textiles and composites, can be utilized for wound care items. the ultimate bankruptcy supplies an enticing perception into using fibrous scaffolds for tissue engineering.
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Additional info for Advanced Textiles for Wound Care
Whilst most of these early preparations were probably of little or no value, others, such as honey, used alone or mixed with oils or waxes, undoubtedly conferred some real clinical benefits to the user. Up to the end of the 19th century, whenever dressings were required to cover wounds, absorb exudate or remove blood during a surgical procedure, practitioners of the time used whatever materials were to hand, often recycling old pieces of cloth or linen fabric for this purpose. This was sometimes fi rst unravelled to form short ends of thread called ‘charpie’, or the surface was scraped with knives to produce ‘soft lint’, a soft fluffy material not dissimilar to absorbent cotton (cotton wool) which could be used to pack cavities and soak up exudate or blood.
Performance standards, which describe one or more key aspects of the function of a dressing. • Safety standards, designed to ensure that a product, when used appropriately, is unlikely to adversely affect the health or wellbeing of the individual to whom it is applied. 1 The development of dressings For centuries mankind had little option but to apply readily available natural substances to his wounds to staunch bleeding, absorb exudate or promote healing. Initially, these would have consisted of simple materials such as honey, animal oils or fat, cobwebs, mud, leaves, moss or animal dung applied in the crude form in which they were found, but later these and other ‘raw materials’ began to be combined together, either to make them easier to handle, or to improve their clinical effectiveness.
The dressing is placed in a Petri dish together with a quantity of test solution equivalent to 40 times the weight of the test sample, and held for 30 min at 37 °C after which it is gently removed from the dish, allowed to drain for 30 s and reweighed. The absorbency is then expressed as the mass of solution retained per 100 cm 2 (for sheet dressings) or per gram of sample for cavity dressings. 5 mmol of calcium ions as the chloride salts. This solution has an ionic composition similar to human serum or exudate.
Advanced Textiles for Wound Care by Subbiyan Rajendran