Download e-book for iPad: Advances in Marine Biology: Cumulative Subject Index Volumes by Alan J. Southward, Paul A. Tyler, Craig M. Young, Lee A.

By Alan J. Southward, Paul A. Tyler, Craig M. Young, Lee A. Fuiman

ISBN-10: 0120261456

ISBN-13: 9780120261451

Advances in Marine Biology has been delivering in-depth and up to date experiences on all points of Marine Biology when you consider that 1963. quantity forty five is a cumulative topic and taxonomic index quantity, supplying a prepared consultant to all examine coated in volumes 20 - forty four of the sequence, together with either eclectic and thematic volumes that learn a selected box intimately, reminiscent of 'The Biochemical Ecology of Marine Fishes' and 'Molluscan Radiation'. * sequence Encompasses forty Years of insurance. * Cumulative topic and Taxonomic index for sequence Volumes 20- forty four

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Extra resources for Advances in Marine Biology: Cumulative Subject Index Volumes 20-44

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E. Australian intertidal 23: 96 – 99 synthetic ideas 23: 117– 126 types 23: 72 24 CUMULATIVE SUBJECT INDEXES FOR VOLUMES 20–44 versus physiological competence 23: 145 Biotic sources of variability 30: 241 Biotoxicology 21: 66 Biotoxins 21: 66 BIOTRANS 30: 5, 6, 19, 21, 35, 38, 52, 53, 61, 64, 65, 73, 75 Bioturbation and Protobranch bivalves 42: 32, 33 Biovolumes, plankton 29: 83 Bird Rock platform 20: 254, 255, 256 Birds 34: 258 changes in kittiwake and fulmar populations 34: 285, 285 metazoan 25: 147, 148, 149, 150, 152, 158 oil effects parasites of 25: 119, 122, 125, 129, 138, 141, 142 predation 25: 4, 32, 47, 64, 196 prey removal 34: 268– 274, 269 seabirds, seaducks, shorebirds 39: 64 – 70, 65, 67, 69 terrestrial birds 39: 45 – 48, 46 Birth rate 29: 249 see also Fecundity Birth rates, seaweed 23: 6 Biscay, Bay of 29: 235, 236, 242, 298, 326, 327, 351 see also Vilaine, Bay of reproduction 29: 271– 273, 275, 289 Bivalve embryos and larvae 37: 1 – 175 see also bioassay; laboratory rearing; pollutants; statistical methods; toxicity tests biology 37: 10 – 25 see also reproduction; species future research 37: 137, 138 Bivalve molluscs, stress detection and responses to heavy and toxic metals 22: 132, 133, 143– 146 salinity 22: 133, 134, 137– 143, 145 calcium ion dependence 22: 138, 139, 141 heart rate 22: 111– 116 copper effect 22: 117– 119 temperature effect 22: 130– 132 zinc effect 22: 118– 121 heavy metal effects 22: 104, 105, 129, 132, 133, 143– 146 accumulation in tissues 22: 162, 163 behaviour and physiology changes 22: 163– 168 calcium role 22: 176– 179 gametogenesis inhibition 22: 166, 168, 169, 173 growth inhibition 22: 167 mitochondrial respiration and 22: 176– 181 unfertilized eggs and 22: 173– 175 methods for monitoring of “activity” 22: 107, 108 heart activity 22: 105, 106 shell growth 22: 107 valve movements 22: 106, 107 water pumping 22: 106, 107 mortality copper-induced 22: l22 – 123T zinc-induced 22: 122, 123T nature of stress 22: 104, 105 pollutants, threshold 22: 104, 105 pumping activity 22: 112– 116 salinity effect 22: 113, 116 respiration anaerobic 22: 146– 150 glycogen increase 22: 149 metabolism 22: 148– 150 heart rate and 22: 146– 148, 155 pH decrease 22: 151– 155 valve movements and 22: 146– 148 sensory receptors in inhalant siphon 22: 134– 136 in mantle 22: 134– 136 shell calcium reabsorption from 22: 156– 162 physical protection 22: 155, 156 strength reduction 22: 161, 162 sublethal stress levels 22: 128– 130 avoidance behaviour and 22: 129, 130 valve movements 22: 108–112, 116 effects of copper 22: 117– 119 salinity 22: 110, 113 temperature 22: 109 zinc 22: 118– 121 in epifaunal and infaunal species 22: 121, 124– 128 oxygen consumption and 22: 125– 128 Bivalves 29: 252; 34: 418, 419 burrowing rate, comparison with gastropods 28: 421, 422 clearance rates 28: 311 comparisons with brachiopods 28: 354– 356 CUMULATIVE SUBJECT INDEXES FOR VOLUMES 20–44 deep-sea species diversity 35: 5 dimensions and mantle cavity volumes 28: 357 genetic differentiation 35: 81 genetic identity related to taxonomic divergence 35: 69 growth performance 35: 167– 173, 171, 172, 173, 174, 175 hydrothermal vents 35: 18, 19 oxygen consumption 28: 319 oxygen-minimum zones 35: 25 seeps 35: 23 Bivalves, burrowing 25: 198, 235 Bivalvia, hybridization bias in 31: 39 Bjørnsen 29: 86 Black Sea 35: 24; 36: 3 adaptation 36: 44 food and feeding 36: 47 – 49, 56, 57 oxygen level 36: 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 41, 432 temperature 36: 7 – 9, 11, 12 –14, 18 adaptation strategies energy metabolism 36: 60 –74, 60, 64, 66, 67, 73, 74 plastic metabolism 36: 75 – 82, 75, 77, 81, 82, 85, 86 Calanus euxinus, vertical distribution of biomass 32: 41 ctenophores 32: 42 differentiation and variability 36: 222, 224, 225, 226 ecological principles 36: 232, 238, 239, 241, 246, 248 indicators of fish condition 36: 213, 218 lipids 36: 207, 208– 211, 212 life cycles abundance, dynamics of 36: 125, 129, 130, 132, 137 annual 36: 105, 107, 108, 112– 114 daily rhythms 36: 115– 117 interannual fluctuations 36: 118, 119 ontogenesis 36: 96, 101, 104 mesoplankton 32: 40, 41 Black Sea anchovy 20: 71, 74 Black smokers 23: 303, 308, 318; 35: 17 faunal distribution and density 23: 340 microbial productivity 23: 318 Blackwater Estuary 29: 293 Blastocones, Cephalopoda 25: 92, 93, 94 Blastodinida, parasitic 25: 127 Blastomeres, Cephalopoda 25: 92, 93, 94 Blastula phase, sole 29: 229 25 Blastulation, Cephalopoda 25: 86, 87, 108 Bleached (and dead) coral reef organisms Plate 4, 43: 280, 284, 292, 293, 306– 308, 309 Bleak 36: 183, 190, 227 Blenny 36: 17, 66, 190 Blood 36: 94, 213, 214, 221 see also circulation adaptation strategies 36: 62, 63, 64, 66, 73, 84 haemoglobin levels 24: 350–356 oxygen affinity 24: 353, 355, 356 Scaphopoda 42: 185– 188, 187 Blood circulation, Donax and Bullia 25: 200– 203, 205, 206 Bloom conditions 29: 4, 59, 60, 79 Baltic Sea 29: 87, 92 – 97, 93, 95, 96, 98 – 101, 99 – 101 nutrients 29: 103, 104, 106–110, 107, 108, 116, 117, 110 dissolved organic matter 29: 32, 35 fronts 29: 50 – 58, 51, 53, 55 – 58 predators 29: 20 –22 – 24, 23, 26 seasonal events 29: 42 – 47, 43, 43, 46, 47 sedimentation 29: 36, 39, 40, 41 wind events 29: 47 – 50, 48, 49 Bloom, planktonic, misuse of term 23: 233 see also Plankton; Red tides “Blooms” 37: 125– 127, 127 Blooms 21: 65, 70, 74; 43: 197, 198, 231– 233, 235, 308 Blooms, exceptional see Exceptional phytoplankton blooms Blue grenadier (hoki) fishery 35: 107 –109 Blue shark 36: 78 Bluefish 36: 77 Body axes, Cephalopoda 25: 102 Body density, sinking rate and 33: 409, 414, 415– 417 Body form 33: 4, 14, 15 see also Morphology Body size of bivalve larva see also age and toxicity reaction 37: 118, 119 shells 37: 63 Body size see Size Body size, Donax and Bullia 25: 216, 217, 217, 226, 227, 228– 230 Body size/length 43: 213 and fecundity of invertebrates 43: 131– 134, 140, 148, 152 and parasites 43: 31, 32, 33, 36 26 CUMULATIVE SUBJECT INDEXES FOR VOLUMES 20–44 and diversity 43: 5, 8 and latitude 43: 51 feeding organ sizes compared 43: 29, 30 genital hook 43: 12 hamuli lengths compared 43: 10, 13,15 hosts of 43: 15, 33 – 35 Body weight 33: 221– 235, 333– 337 ash weight 33: 233–235, 235 ash-free dry weight 33: 227, 233, 234 dry weight 33: 227– 233, 228– 222, 334, 335, 337 wet weight 33: 221– 226, 223– 225, 226 Bogoslof Island, pollock near 37: 180, 183, 184 population dynamics 37: 193, 194, 195, 196, 197 population structure 37: 217, 219, 221, 233 Bohusla¨n herring period 20: 127 Boothbay Harbor, ME, hatchery 38: 8 Bootstrap methods in classification in benthic studies 26: 219, 220 Bornholm Basin 29: 76 Bothidae 29: 219 Bothidae as predators 27: 362 Bothnian, Sea of 29: 74, 75, 75, 76, 80, 86, 87, 116 autotrophic picoplankton 29: 88, 89 bacterioplankton 29: 94, 96, 98, 99, 100, 111, 113 Bottlenecks heterozygosity and 35: 64 hydrothermal vents 35: 20, 21, 64 seeps 35: 23 Bottom trawl surveys of pollock 37: 193– 196 “bottom-up” approach to resource evaluation 38: 30, 39 Boudouresques’s taxonomic synthesis 23: 58 – 62 steps involved 23: 58 Bounded hybrid superiority hypothesis 31: 53 Bourrelets 23: 190– 195, 267, 268 and seawater chemistry 23: 192– 195 evidence for existence 23: 189, 190 nitrogen reserves 23: 193– 195, 242 nutrient accumulation 23: 194 nutrient mixing from 23: 194–197, 241, 242, 267 tidal periodicity 23: 194– 197 oxygen minimums 23: 192 seasonal effects 23: 190 Boyle’s Law 20: 147 Bracco – Curti test 29: 155, 156 Brachiopods articulate and inarticulate, World Ocean 32: 403 E and W Pacific distribution 32: 398, 399 latitudinal faunistic belts, World Ocean 32: 395 relicts 32: 409, 411 vertical distribution 32: 393 Brachiopods, classification 28: 179,359, 360 Brachiopods, comparisons with bivalves 28: 354– 356 dimensions and mantle cavity volumes 28: 357 Brachiopods, development 28: 273– 282 development type 28: 265 larva early 28: 278, 279 hatching 28: 279 –282 juvenile development after settlement 28: 282 pigment spots and setae 28: 248 mantle 28: 185– 187 oocyte cleavage 28: 278 oocyte diameters 28: 265, 282 summary 28: 277– 282 times for embryological features to appear, comparisons 28: 282 Brachiopods, ecology 28: 332– 346 community ecology 28: 345, 346 geographic distribution 28: 346 life history strategies 28: 333– 337 growth rate 28: 335– 337 patterns 28: 337 recruitment 28: 333– 335 survivorship 28: 337– 345 competition 28: 339– 341 disturbance 28: 341 pathology 28: 341, 342 patterns 28: 342– 345 predation 28: 337– 339 Brachiopods, genetics and biochemical systematics 28: 347– 352 classification 28: 179, 359, 360 enzyme systems 28: 347, 348 immunology 28: 349– 352 unweighted pair-group using averages (UPMGA) 28: 351, 352 morphometric analysis 28: 349 palaeontological studies 28: 177, 354 single-linkage cluster analysis 28: 353 CUMULATIVE SUBJECT INDEXES FOR VOLUMES 20–44 terminology 28: 178 Brachiopods, physiology and metabolism 28: 282– 332 digestion 28: 312– 316 distribution of enzymes, selected species 28: 315 energy turnover 28: 355, 356, 358 environmental tolerances anoxia 28: 330 salinity 28: 329, 330 temperature 28: 329 turbidity 28: 331, 332 excretion and ionic regulation 28: 322– 325 feeding clearance rates 28: 310– 312 feeding currents 28: 292–295 food sources 28: 306– 309 nutritional sources 28: 306– 309 particle capture 28: 295– 300 particle rejection mechanisms 28: 302, 303 particle retention efficiency 28: 309, 310 particle transport 28: 300– 304 quantitative physiology 28: 309– 312 selectivity 28: 304– 306 metabolic pathways 28: 325– 328 respiratory physiology 28: 316– 322 freeliving inarticulates 28: 288– 292 oxygen exchange 28: 320–322 rates of oxygen consumption 28: 317– 320 rates of water transport 28: 316, 317 respiratory proteins 28: 322 sensory/neuromuscular physiology/ behaviour 28: 282– 292 sessile articulates 28: 285– 288 Brachiopods, reproduction 28: 248– 273 adaptations 28: 358, 359 fertilization 28: 277, 278 gametogenesis 28: 255– 270 oogenesis 28: 258– 270 spermatogenesis 28: 249, 255– 258 ‘genital pits’ 28: 192 gonad shape, various brachiopods 28: 253 hermaphroditism 28: 265 morphology 28: 250– 254 genital lamella 28: 251–253 gonad development 28: 253, 254 oocyte diameters 28: 282 27 oocyte maturation 28: 277, 278 reproductive cycles 28: 272, 273 published data 28: 274– 276 sexual dimorphism 28: 250 spawning 28: 270– 272 brooding species 28: 271, 272 free-spawning species 28: 270, 271 strategies 28: 265 vitellogenesis 28: 259– 270 Brachiopods, structure and functional morphology 28: 178– 248 coelomic and vascular system 28: 212– 217 amoeboid cells 28: 215, 216 blood cells 28: 214 coelomocyte types 28: 213, 214– 217 general structure 28: 213, 214 spindle bodies 28: 216 digestive system 28: 226– 236 digestive cells 28: 233, 234 diverticula 28: 231– 234 functional morphology 28: 234– 236 intestine 28: 229, 230 type A secretory cells 28: 232, 233 type B secretory cells 28: 234 general characteristics 28: 178, 179 lophopore 28: 217– 226 blood vessels 28: 225 coelomic epithelium 28: 224, 225 connective tissue 28: 222– 224 epidermis 28: 217– 222 myoepithelia 28: 225 nerves 28: 224 mantle 28: 179– 200 caeca 28: 194– 200 development 28: 185– 187 gamete load 28: 192 general structure 28: 182– 185 generative region 28: 187– 200 inner mantle membrane 28: 182, 189– 192 mantle canal (sinus) 28: 193 outer mantle membrane 28: 182, 183, 193 ultrastructure 28: 187– 189, 195, 196 muscle arrangement 28: 237– 239 muscular system 28: 236– 244 myoepithelial cells 28: 240, 241 nerves and sensory structures 28: 244– 248 gap junctions 28: 245 setae (chaetae) 28: 246, 247 28 CUMULATIVE SUBJECT INDEXES FOR VOLUMES 20–44 statocysts 28: 245, 246 paramyosin 28: 243, 244 smooth muscles 28: 243 striated adductor muscles 28: 242 ultrastructure 28: 240–248 pedicle 28: 200– 212 classification 28: 210– 212 functional morphology 28: 209, 210 general structure 28: 201– 209 muscular system 28: 239 regeneration 28: 210 rootlet and bulb structure 28: 208, 209 trunk 28: 203– 208 shell secretion 28: 247 Brachyura, spermatophores 29: 130, 133, 195 chemical composition 29: 136– 139, 138, 139 copulatory organs 29: 139–141 dehiscence 29: 145 morphology 29: 133– 135, 197 origin 29: 135, 136 sperm receipt and storage 29: 141– 145, 198, 200 sperm transfer 29: 139, 199 Brackish water 33: 472– 479 estuaries 33: 474, 475– 477 fjords 33: 349– 351, 350, 477– 479, 478 river plumes 33: 474, 475 Brackish water, parasites 25: 146 Brackish water, parasites in 43: 55 Brain 33: 38 Brandt’s cormorant 20: 241, 243, 244 Bray-Curtis similarity coefficients in benthic studies 26: 182, 215, 216, 218 Brazil, coastal areas of 43: 11, 50 Breakage and repair of shells 42: 152, 281– 286, 282– 284 Bream 36: 25, 250 annular see annular gilthead egg quality 26: 74, 77, 84, 98, 99, 101 vertical migration in 26: 120, 121 Breeding biology see Reproduction Breeding fish see Farming, fish; Reproduction Breeding season, Donax and Bullia 25: 194, 236 Breeding seasonality, pycnogonid 24: 43, 44 breeding sex ratio, P.

26: 131 Caridia 29: 132, 173, 174 Carlo Erba analyser 24: 396, 397 Carmarthen Bay, sole 29: 223, 227, 349 early fishing 29: 323, 324, 326 juveniles 29: 237, 240, 245 Carnivores and carnivory, herbivory, competition and-, interactions 23: 72 – 108 identification 23: 73 – 75, 91 interspecific competition and 23: 121 ‘keystone’ 73 – 75, 93 -prey interactions, see Predator – prey interactions Carnivorous gelatinous species 44: 38 Carnivory see Predatory feeding b-carotene 43: 283, 285 Carotenoids 33: 251 as dietary markers 33: 151 Carotenoids and coral reef organisms 43: 283, 285, 289, 292, 293, 307 Carotenoids in fish eggs 26: 80, 81 Carp 36: 227 adaptation 36: 12, 54, 80 food and feeding 36: 58 oxygen level 36: 41 temperature 36: 8, 10, 12 ecological principles 36: 231, 250 life cycles 36: 117, 126, 129 substance and energy 36: 148, 190 Carp, egg quality 26: 74 carrier complexes 41: 28, 29 carrying capacity 38: 7, 21, 30, 39, 40, 45 Carrying capacity see resources Caspian Sea 43: 69 adaptation 36: 37, 49 ecological principles 36: 246, 247, 248 indicators of fish condition 36: 210, 211, 214 life cycles 36: 107, 114, 129, 132 Castor oil fish 36: 46 Castration, parasitic 25: 134, 135, 148, 154 Catch of Atlantic halibut 26: 42 – 52 and over-exploitation 26: 49, 50 and recruitment and mortality 26: 50, 51 by area 26: 45, 46, 47 32 CUMULATIVE SUBJECT INDEXES FOR VOLUMES 20–44 by nation 26: 47, 48, 49 development of 26: 42, 43, 44, 45 management of 26: 51, 52 Catch per unit of effort (CPUE) 38: 4, 208 Catch, sole 29: 249, 312, 313– 315, 322, 327– 330, 333, 334 see also Exploitation, Harvesting catch per unit effort (CPUE) 29: 334, 341, 341– 343, 345 estimation of natural mortality 29: 296, 297 Catch, world total, of prawns 27: 4 Catch-at-age data on pollock 37: 194, 238 Catch-per-unit-effort 20: 265, 266, 267, 290, 291 Catfish 36: 34, 77 Caudal fin, sole 29: 219 region, sole 29: 266 Caulerpicin 21: 92 Caulerpin 21: 92 Cave habitat 33: 488, 489 CEFAS 44: 253, 255 Cell, plankton see also Size membrane 29: 30, 31 size 29: 101 volume 29: 101, 102, 117– 119, 118 Cellulase activity, Donax and Bullia 25: 192 Celtic sea 23: 167; 29: 34, 34, 217, 218 see also Bristol Channel cold bottom waters 23: 190, 191 fronts, horizontal exchanges 23: 242, 243 plankton distributions 23: 271, 272 shelf break, see Celtic sea shelf break Celtic sea shelf break tidal fronts 23: 165, 197– 204, 205, 276 biological characteristics 23: 270– 274 physical causes 23: 271–274 plankton distributions 23: 271, 272 cold water band, models accounting for 23: 197 internal waves, see Internal waves upwelling interpretation 23: 197, 198, 202 water column capsizing 23: 198 satellite scanning 23: 270, 271 secondary upwelling 23: 271, 273 tidal streaming 23: 199, 200 Cenozoic and Pleurotomarioidean gastropods 42: 237, 239, 242, 268, 281 see also Recent Cenozoic ridge 34: 388, 389 Centrarchids 36: 196 Centropagidae 44: 72– 79; 29: 174, 175, 182 Centropomidae as predators 27: 363 Cephaloidophoridae, parasitic 25: 141 Cephalolobidae, parasitic 25: 141 Cephalon, pycnogonid 24: 4, 8 Cephalopod beaks 39: 287 Cephalopod light-fishing 39: 261– 292 catches 39: 266, 275 and global biomass 39: 286, 287 DMSP-OLS images California Current 39: 270, 271, 277 China Sea Shelf 39: 267, 268, 276 Humboldt Current 39: 271, 277 Kuroshio Current 39: 265– 267, 275, 276 New Zealand 39: 269, 270, 276, 277 Southwest Atlantic 39: 271– 273, 277 Sunda-Arafura Shelves 39: 268– 289, 276 other squid fisheries and unexploited stocks 39: 273, 274 predator consumption of cephalopods and fisheries yield, discrepancy between global and regional estimates 39: 286– 288 predator diets 39: 278 predator interactions 39: 278– 288 implications for precautionary measures 39: 285, 286 predators 39: 279– 281 predators of species exploited by lightfishing 39: 278– 285 prey interactions 39: 288, 289 use of predator data to identify new fisheries 39: 285 Cephalopod non-light-fishing 39: 277, 278 catches 39: 274 Cephalopoda, parasites of 25: 144 Cephalopods 29: 195–197, 200; 36: 36, 83; 44: 143– 203 ambient temperature and rate of embryonic development 44: 150 arm buds 44: 153– 155 artifical fertilization 44: 151 blastulation 44: 156 bodily outfit of hatchlings 44: 161– 164 CUMULATIVE SUBJECT INDEXES FOR VOLUMES 20–44 cephalic organs 44: 152, 153, 161– 163 chorion micro-structure 44: 148, 149 classification 44: 146 defence 44: 175, 176 digestive tract 44: 163 dispersal and recruitment 44: 179, 180 early embryonic stages 44: 149– 152 early juvenile life 44: 182 egg size and formation of outer yolk sac 44: 156, 157 embryogenesis 44: 147, 181 embryology based on natural egg masses 44: 150, 151 embryonic development 44: 182 enzymatic activity of yolk syncytium 44: 159 epibolic growth of gastrula 44: 157 evolutionary developmental biology 44: 182 feeding behaviour 44: 173– 175 funnel/mantle complex 44: 153– 155 gastrulation 44: 156 hatching competence 44: 159, 160 hatching gland 44: 159 hatching stage 44: 159 histological differentiations of body surface 44: 152– 156 inner yolk sac 44: 157–159 integument development 44: 155, 156 juvenile mortality 44: 180, 183 larval features and paralarval adaptations 44: 182 learning behaviour 44: 172, 173 life style 44: 176, 177 long-distance dispersal (LDD) 44: 183 mantle and fins 44: 164 microenvironment of embryo 44: 147– 159 morphological changes 44: 164– 168 morphological discontinuities 44: 168– 170 mortality rates 44: 183 organogenesis 44: 151– 156 oviducal and nidamental jellies 44: 147, 148 paralarval specializations 44: 168– 170 phylotypic phase of development 44: 151, 152 post-hatching behaviour 44: 171– 179 post-hatching growth 44: 164– 168 prehensile organs: arms and tentacles 44: 163, 164 33 protective envelopes or capsules 44: 147– 149 secondary head cover 44: 153–155 shell field 44: 155 social behaviour 44: 177– 179 staging systems 44: 149, 150 suckers 44: 164 swimming 44: 176 symbiotic luminescent bacteria 44: 170, 171 systematics 44: 145– 147 taxonomy 44: 145– 147 terminology 44: 168– 170 tranquilliser effect of perivitelline fluid 44: 160 transition from embryo to young 44: 159– 171 use of growth records in age determination 44: 164– 168 yolk absorption to food ingestion 44: 160, 161 yolk reserves 44: 160 yolk storage, redistribution and absorption 44: 156– 159 Cephalopods as predators 27: 359, 360 Cephalosome 33: 15, 16, 24, 25 Cephalotoxin 21: 183 Cercariae, parasitic 25: 146, 156 Cerebratulus A toxins 21: 135, 136 Cerebratulus B toxins 21: 135, 137 Cestoda, parasitic 25: 150, 151, 158 CF see condition factor Chaetognath 20: 52, 159 Chaetognath prey 33: 160 Chaetognatha 29: 195, 196, 199; 44: 3, 10, 22, 24, 26– 28, 30, 32 –35, 39, 42, 43, 119 numbers of species, data points and ranges 44: 11 parasites 25: 119, 122, 125, 129, 138, 141, 142 metazoan 25: 147, 148, 149, 150, 158 predators 25: 7, 11, 12, 14, 15, 23, 27, 29, 36 Chaetognaths 36: 36, 200 Challenger expedition 35: 3 Channa sp 36: 36 Chaos and metapopulations of parasites 43: 36 – 41, 38 – 40 Char, Arctic 36: 107 Character species 23: 58, 62 Charleston Lumps 42: 276 34 CUMULATIVE SUBJECT INDEXES FOR VOLUMES 20–44 Chelicerata 29: 197, 198 Chelifore, pycnogonid 24: 4, 8, 9 Chemical composition, crustaceans 29: 130, 186, 187 Anomura 29: 153– 159, 154– 158 Brachyura 29: 136– 139, 138, 139 Copepoda 29: 178, 179 Macrura 29: 168 Chemical content and egg quality in fish 26: 79 –85 Chemical induction method of quantifying fecundity 43: 94 – 95, 101, 103, 104 Chemical pollution, Donax 25: 186, 197 Chemistry marine poisons 21: 66 paralytic shellfish poisoning 21: 77 sponge poisoning 21: 97 toxic echinoderms 21: 151 venomous cnidarians 21: 112 venomous molluscs 21: 174 Chemocline 29: 97 Chemolithotrophic bacteria 23: 317 oxidation reactions 23: 316 free energy 23: 316 Chemoreception feeding responses 33: 144, 144– 146, 149 reaction distances 33: 432– 434, 433 role in mate-seeking behaviour 33: 257 Chemoreceptors prefeeding, sea anemones 22: 69 Chemosensitivity 30: 201, 202 Chemosensory detection Donax and Bullia 25: 192, 193 predation 25: 7, 8, 10, 14, 15, 26 Chemo-sensory perception, sole 29: 252 Chemosynthetic nutrition in protobranchs 42: 21 – 24 Chesapeake Bay 43: 65, 70 Chesapeake Bay, striped bass in 38: 28, 29 Chile, coastal areas of 43: 149 China Sea Shelf fisheries 39: 267, 268, 276, 266, 275 China, coastal areas of 43: 12 China, sea cucumber in 41: 131, 134, 137, 138, 150, 190 Chironomids 36: 236 Chi-squared goodness of fit models 26: 194 Chitin 33: 248 Chitin, crustaceans 29: 187 Copepoda 29: 175, 178 Decapoda 29: 136, 141, 142, 153, 155, 157, 178 euphausiids 29: 183 Chitosan test 29: 155, 157 Chloride cells 20: 164 chlorine 41: 11, 12, 120 Chlorine and chlorophenol toxicity and bivalves 37: 3, 77, 96, 116, 123, 132 bioassay procedures 37: 70 – 72 in biocides 37: 101, 102, 103, 97 Chlorine pollution, Donax and Bullia 25: 197 Chloriridovirus, plankton 25: 119 Chloroform toxicity and bivalves 37: 96 – 105 Chlorophyceae 29: 78 Chlorophyll beyond Ushant front, temperature associations 23: 249, 250 internal wave effects 23: 254– 256 Celtic sea shelf break 23: 271, 272 frontal content 23: 236, 237, 274– 276 in eddies 23: 244 mathematical models simulating 23: 239 maximum subsurface 23: 236, 239, 250, 251, 259– 261 organism associations 23: 264– 266 screening effect 23: 250– 252 taxonomic composition 23: 260–266 thermoclinic association 23: 236, 251, 257 vertical physical gradient associations 23: 258 oxygen correlations 23: 259–261 Chlorophyll concentration, phytoplankton 29: 4, 6, 6, 16, 17, 28, 28, 34 see also Biomass, Bloom fluorescence 29: 82, 82 Chlorophylls and coral reef organisms see also photosynthesis chl-a 43: 282, 283, 285, 293, 309 chl-b 43: 283, 292, 293 chl-c 43: 283, 285, 292, 293 optical properties 43: 282, 283, 285, 286, 289, 292, 293 separability of spectra 43: 306, 307,309, 310 Chlorophyta 29: 17 Chloroplastic pigment equivalents (CPE) 30: 19 CUMULATIVE SUBJECT INDEXES FOR VOLUMES 20–44 CHN analyses 30: 18 Cholesterol 36: 18, 64, 90 Chondroitin sulphate, crustaceans 29: 168 Chorioid gland 20: 131 Chorion hardening in fish eggs 26: 12, 13, 76 Chorion, Cephalopoda 25: 87, 88, 89, 90, 105 Chorion, eggs, predation 25: 16, 38 Chromatography, high performance liquid 43: 285, 309, 310 Chromatophores 27: 199– 201 Chromatophores, Cephalopoda 25: 87, 96, 98, 103 Chromatophores, sole 29: 230 chromium 41: 12, 13, 120, 122 Chromium toxicity and bivalves 37: 87, 88, 90 –95 Chromosomal aberrations and egg quality in fish 26: 85, 86 Chromosomes 33: 48 aberrations 33: 48 haploid number of 33: 47, 48 Chronobiological theory and vertical migration 26: 148– 150, 152 Chrysophyceae 29: 78 Chukchi Sea 29: 56, 57 Chum salmon 36: 171 Chytridiomycetes, parasitic 25: 122 Cicatrix, Cephalopoda 25: 108 Cichlids 36: 133 Ciguareta poisoning 31: 315 Ciguatoxin 21: 127 Cilia cephalopod embryo 25: 95, 97, 103, 105 Donax 25: 182, 193 Cilia motion 44: 34 Ciliary currents, predation 25: 17 Ciliated epithelial field (CEF) 44: 172 Ciliated epithelial receptors of Scaphopoda 42: 191, 192– 194 Ciliates 29: 19, 20, 24, 25, 42, 49, 50, 105, 106 ectosymbionts 33: 525 in diet 33: 146, 156, 157 Ciliates, autotrophic, red tidal 23: 221 Ciliates, bacteria 25: 120 Ciliophora parasites and symbionts of 25: 120, 124, 126, 129– 131, 130 parasitic 25: 137– 139, 158 Circadian rhythms 26: 116, 117, 119, 150 Circadian rhythms see Daily rhythms 35 Circatidal activity 26: 137–139 short persistence of 26: 138 Circulation and circulatory system Pleurotomarioidean gastropods 42: 251, 253, 259, 260 Scaphopoda 42: 180– 188, 183, 187 Circulation pattern(s), tidal front 23: 184, 185– 189, 277, 278 Langmuir- 221 Circulatory system 33: 39 Circulatory system, blood cells 27: 31 – 33 morphology 27: 29 – 33, 30 volume 27: 173 Circulatory system, Cephalopoda 25: 94, 95, 96 Circulatory system, pycnogonid 24: 18 – 20 see also Blood Cirrata, eggs 25: 88 Cirripedians, hydrothermal vent dwelling 23: 329, 337 Citation frequency 33: 7 Citharidae 29: 219 Citrate synthase (CS) 30: 239 Citric acid cycle, crustaceans 29: 143, 144 Cladocera 29: 77, 199, 252 Cladocerans 23: 225 annual cycles and population dynamics 31: 132– 147 biochemical and genetic analyses of populations 31: 151, 152 birth rates and life tables 31: 141 brood size 31: 139– 140 development of gamogenic eggs before diapause 31: 125–129 developmental physiology 31: 150, 151 distribution and abundance 31: 133– 138, 134– 5 grazing 23: 230 Clam poison 21: 75 Clambake I hydrothermal vent 23: 333 Mussel Bed 23: 333, 334, 347 Clams see taxonomic index Clams, hydrothermal vent dwelling 23: 333, 334 Clams, toxicity 21: 81 Clarion –Clipperton Zone 35: 93 Classical food chain 29: 42, 49, 60 Classification 33: 1, 2, 2, 50, 51 – 53 floristic 23: 57 – 71 of pycnogonids 24: 25 – 27, 76 – 78 of siphonophores 24: 110– 121 vegetation, see Vegetation classification 36 CUMULATIVE SUBJECT INDEXES FOR VOLUMES 20–44 classification and feedbacks in system 41: 86, 87 Classification in benthic marine infaunal studies 26: 217– 221 Classification, sole 29: 219, 220 CLD (complete lethal dose) 21: 64 Cleaners of hosts 43: 35, 36 Clearance rates, Donax and Bullia 25: 237, 238 Cleavage of bivalves 37: 22 – 26, 36 Cleavage, Cephalopoda 25: 91 –93, 92 Climate see also temperature and pollock 37: 203, 204 and fish stock recruitment 26: 256 change and recruitment in fish populations 26: 256 Climate see under seasonality Climate, global, winter isotherms 27: 128 Climate, predation 25: 50 Clinical problem cnidarians 21: 128 echinoderms 21: 167 molluscs 21: 188 Closed areas, fishing 29: 299 Close’s Fishermen’s Chart 29: 246 Clupeidae, as predators 27: 362 Clupeids, predators 25: 9 Clupeoid larva, and predation 20: 56 – 58 feeding in 20: 26, 27 feeding rate of 20: 30 – 32 growth rate of 20: 77, 78, 79 mortality rate in 20: 58 prey of 20: 27, 28 swimming of 20: 87, 88 Cluster analysis and classification in benthic studies 26: 217, 219, 220,229, 230 Clutch size see Brood size Clyde herring 20: 23 Clyde Sea 42: 31 Clyde, Firth of 43: 67 Cnidaria 44: 3, 10, 21 –24, 26, 27, 28, 30, 32, 34, 40, 42, 121, 122 numbers of species, data points and ranges 44: 11 parasites of 25: 125, 126, 127, 131 metazoan 25: 148, 154, 156 predators 25: 5, 14, 27, 33, 36 symbionts 25: 124 Cnidarian stings, characteristics 21: 132 Cnidoblasts 21: 108 Cnidocil 21: 108 Coagulation theory, plankton 29: 37 – 40, 39, 40, 41 Coastal and Shelf Ecology of Antarctic Sea-Ice Zone Group 43: 174 Coastal currents, dispersal processes 28: 51 – 53 Coastal environments 33: 470– 480 biomass 33: 457, 458 Coastal jets and eddies, entrainment, dispersal processes 28: 53, 54 Coastal lagoon fisheries 34: 73 – 199 anthropogenic constraints 34: 134– 151 anthropogenic variables 34: 137 biological characteristics 34: 135 biological variables 34: 115 change in catch per unit effort accordingto number of fishermen per unit area 34: 146 change in fishery yield according to mean depth 34: 127 according to water area 34: 126 collected lagoon data 34: 184– 199 correlation between area of immersed vegetation (SG) and Res 34: 143 correlation between fishery yield and maximum depth 34: 127 data description and collection 34: 86 – 116, 87 – 109, 111, 112 definitions of lagoon 34: 77 – 79 descriptive statistics 34: 117–119, 134 diversity of fishery data and fishery techniques 34: 110 effect of brushparks 34: 823 effect of devices and practices on catch 34: 82 effect of fish barrages 34: 83 effect of freshwater run-off on yield 34: 139 effect of introduction of exotic fish species 34: 83 – 85 effect of tide height on yield 34: 140 environmental constraints 34: 134– 151 environmental data 34: 114, 115 fishing effort and catch per unit effort 34: 144, 145 fishing practices 34: 116 fishing pressure 34: 150 flushing index (FI) 34: 115 geographical constraints 34: 117– 134 geographical data 34: 110, 119– 121, 121 geographical variables 34: 124 CUMULATIVE SUBJECT INDEXES FOR VOLUMES 20–44 maximum sustainable yield (MSY) 34: 130, 132, 148 mean and maximum depths 34: 114 morphoedaphic index (MEI) 34: 133, 148 morphometrical constraints 34: 117– 134 morphometrical data 34: 113, 114, 121– 128 morphometrical variables 34: 124 multivariate analysis 34: 128, 129 overview 34: 77 – 86 physical characteristics and variabilities 34: 79 physico-chemical characteristics 34: 135 physico-chemical data 34: 140– 142 physico-chemical variables 34: 115, 136 productivity 34: 149 significant relationships 34: 124, 136 statistical analysis 34: 110, 116, 117 statistical approaches 34: 86 studentized residuals (Res) 34: 117 tidal prism (TP) 34: 115, 138 type I –V lagoons 34: 78, 79, 118 under-estimation (UE) 34: 110, 113, 119 vs.

Australian intertidal 23: 96 – 99 synthetic ideas 23: 117– 126 types 23: 72 24 CUMULATIVE SUBJECT INDEXES FOR VOLUMES 20–44 versus physiological competence 23: 145 Biotic sources of variability 30: 241 Biotoxicology 21: 66 Biotoxins 21: 66 BIOTRANS 30: 5, 6, 19, 21, 35, 38, 52, 53, 61, 64, 65, 73, 75 Bioturbation and Protobranch bivalves 42: 32, 33 Biovolumes, plankton 29: 83 Bird Rock platform 20: 254, 255, 256 Birds 34: 258 changes in kittiwake and fulmar populations 34: 285, 285 metazoan 25: 147, 148, 149, 150, 152, 158 oil effects parasites of 25: 119, 122, 125, 129, 138, 141, 142 predation 25: 4, 32, 47, 64, 196 prey removal 34: 268– 274, 269 seabirds, seaducks, shorebirds 39: 64 – 70, 65, 67, 69 terrestrial birds 39: 45 – 48, 46 Birth rate 29: 249 see also Fecundity Birth rates, seaweed 23: 6 Biscay, Bay of 29: 235, 236, 242, 298, 326, 327, 351 see also Vilaine, Bay of reproduction 29: 271– 273, 275, 289 Bivalve embryos and larvae 37: 1 – 175 see also bioassay; laboratory rearing; pollutants; statistical methods; toxicity tests biology 37: 10 – 25 see also reproduction; species future research 37: 137, 138 Bivalve molluscs, stress detection and responses to heavy and toxic metals 22: 132, 133, 143– 146 salinity 22: 133, 134, 137– 143, 145 calcium ion dependence 22: 138, 139, 141 heart rate 22: 111– 116 copper effect 22: 117– 119 temperature effect 22: 130– 132 zinc effect 22: 118– 121 heavy metal effects 22: 104, 105, 129, 132, 133, 143– 146 accumulation in tissues 22: 162, 163 behaviour and physiology changes 22: 163– 168 calcium role 22: 176– 179 gametogenesis inhibition 22: 166, 168, 169, 173 growth inhibition 22: 167 mitochondrial respiration and 22: 176– 181 unfertilized eggs and 22: 173– 175 methods for monitoring of “activity” 22: 107, 108 heart activity 22: 105, 106 shell growth 22: 107 valve movements 22: 106, 107 water pumping 22: 106, 107 mortality copper-induced 22: l22 – 123T zinc-induced 22: 122, 123T nature of stress 22: 104, 105 pollutants, threshold 22: 104, 105 pumping activity 22: 112– 116 salinity effect 22: 113, 116 respiration anaerobic 22: 146– 150 glycogen increase 22: 149 metabolism 22: 148– 150 heart rate and 22: 146– 148, 155 pH decrease 22: 151– 155 valve movements and 22: 146– 148 sensory receptors in inhalant siphon 22: 134– 136 in mantle 22: 134– 136 shell calcium reabsorption from 22: 156– 162 physical protection 22: 155, 156 strength reduction 22: 161, 162 sublethal stress levels 22: 128– 130 avoidance behaviour and 22: 129, 130 valve movements 22: 108–112, 116 effects of copper 22: 117– 119 salinity 22: 110, 113 temperature 22: 109 zinc 22: 118– 121 in epifaunal and infaunal species 22: 121, 124– 128 oxygen consumption and 22: 125– 128 Bivalves 29: 252; 34: 418, 419 burrowing rate, comparison with gastropods 28: 421, 422 clearance rates 28: 311 comparisons with brachiopods 28: 354– 356 CUMULATIVE SUBJECT INDEXES FOR VOLUMES 20–44 deep-sea species diversity 35: 5 dimensions and mantle cavity volumes 28: 357 genetic differentiation 35: 81 genetic identity related to taxonomic divergence 35: 69 growth performance 35: 167– 173, 171, 172, 173, 174, 175 hydrothermal vents 35: 18, 19 oxygen consumption 28: 319 oxygen-minimum zones 35: 25 seeps 35: 23 Bivalves, burrowing 25: 198, 235 Bivalvia, hybridization bias in 31: 39 Bjørnsen 29: 86 Black Sea 35: 24; 36: 3 adaptation 36: 44 food and feeding 36: 47 – 49, 56, 57 oxygen level 36: 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 41, 432 temperature 36: 7 – 9, 11, 12 –14, 18 adaptation strategies energy metabolism 36: 60 –74, 60, 64, 66, 67, 73, 74 plastic metabolism 36: 75 – 82, 75, 77, 81, 82, 85, 86 Calanus euxinus, vertical distribution of biomass 32: 41 ctenophores 32: 42 differentiation and variability 36: 222, 224, 225, 226 ecological principles 36: 232, 238, 239, 241, 246, 248 indicators of fish condition 36: 213, 218 lipids 36: 207, 208– 211, 212 life cycles abundance, dynamics of 36: 125, 129, 130, 132, 137 annual 36: 105, 107, 108, 112– 114 daily rhythms 36: 115– 117 interannual fluctuations 36: 118, 119 ontogenesis 36: 96, 101, 104 mesoplankton 32: 40, 41 Black Sea anchovy 20: 71, 74 Black smokers 23: 303, 308, 318; 35: 17 faunal distribution and density 23: 340 microbial productivity 23: 318 Blackwater Estuary 29: 293 Blastocones, Cephalopoda 25: 92, 93, 94 Blastodinida, parasitic 25: 127 Blastomeres, Cephalopoda 25: 92, 93, 94 Blastula phase, sole 29: 229 25 Blastulation, Cephalopoda 25: 86, 87, 108 Bleached (and dead) coral reef organisms Plate 4, 43: 280, 284, 292, 293, 306– 308, 309 Bleak 36: 183, 190, 227 Blenny 36: 17, 66, 190 Blood 36: 94, 213, 214, 221 see also circulation adaptation strategies 36: 62, 63, 64, 66, 73, 84 haemoglobin levels 24: 350–356 oxygen affinity 24: 353, 355, 356 Scaphopoda 42: 185– 188, 187 Blood circulation, Donax and Bullia 25: 200– 203, 205, 206 Bloom conditions 29: 4, 59, 60, 79 Baltic Sea 29: 87, 92 – 97, 93, 95, 96, 98 – 101, 99 – 101 nutrients 29: 103, 104, 106–110, 107, 108, 116, 117, 110 dissolved organic matter 29: 32, 35 fronts 29: 50 – 58, 51, 53, 55 – 58 predators 29: 20 –22 – 24, 23, 26 seasonal events 29: 42 – 47, 43, 43, 46, 47 sedimentation 29: 36, 39, 40, 41 wind events 29: 47 – 50, 48, 49 Bloom, planktonic, misuse of term 23: 233 see also Plankton; Red tides “Blooms” 37: 125– 127, 127 Blooms 21: 65, 70, 74; 43: 197, 198, 231– 233, 235, 308 Blooms, exceptional see Exceptional phytoplankton blooms Blue grenadier (hoki) fishery 35: 107 –109 Blue shark 36: 78 Bluefish 36: 77 Body axes, Cephalopoda 25: 102 Body density, sinking rate and 33: 409, 414, 415– 417 Body form 33: 4, 14, 15 see also Morphology Body size of bivalve larva see also age and toxicity reaction 37: 118, 119 shells 37: 63 Body size see Size Body size, Donax and Bullia 25: 216, 217, 217, 226, 227, 228– 230 Body size/length 43: 213 and fecundity of invertebrates 43: 131– 134, 140, 148, 152 and parasites 43: 31, 32, 33, 36 26 CUMULATIVE SUBJECT INDEXES FOR VOLUMES 20–44 and diversity 43: 5, 8 and latitude 43: 51 feeding organ sizes compared 43: 29, 30 genital hook 43: 12 hamuli lengths compared 43: 10, 13,15 hosts of 43: 15, 33 – 35 Body weight 33: 221– 235, 333– 337 ash weight 33: 233–235, 235 ash-free dry weight 33: 227, 233, 234 dry weight 33: 227– 233, 228– 222, 334, 335, 337 wet weight 33: 221– 226, 223– 225, 226 Bogoslof Island, pollock near 37: 180, 183, 184 population dynamics 37: 193, 194, 195, 196, 197 population structure 37: 217, 219, 221, 233 Bohusla¨n herring period 20: 127 Boothbay Harbor, ME, hatchery 38: 8 Bootstrap methods in classification in benthic studies 26: 219, 220 Bornholm Basin 29: 76 Bothidae 29: 219 Bothidae as predators 27: 362 Bothnian, Sea of 29: 74, 75, 75, 76, 80, 86, 87, 116 autotrophic picoplankton 29: 88, 89 bacterioplankton 29: 94, 96, 98, 99, 100, 111, 113 Bottlenecks heterozygosity and 35: 64 hydrothermal vents 35: 20, 21, 64 seeps 35: 23 Bottom trawl surveys of pollock 37: 193– 196 “bottom-up” approach to resource evaluation 38: 30, 39 Boudouresques’s taxonomic synthesis 23: 58 – 62 steps involved 23: 58 Bounded hybrid superiority hypothesis 31: 53 Bourrelets 23: 190– 195, 267, 268 and seawater chemistry 23: 192– 195 evidence for existence 23: 189, 190 nitrogen reserves 23: 193– 195, 242 nutrient accumulation 23: 194 nutrient mixing from 23: 194–197, 241, 242, 267 tidal periodicity 23: 194– 197 oxygen minimums 23: 192 seasonal effects 23: 190 Boyle’s Law 20: 147 Bracco – Curti test 29: 155, 156 Brachiopods articulate and inarticulate, World Ocean 32: 403 E and W Pacific distribution 32: 398, 399 latitudinal faunistic belts, World Ocean 32: 395 relicts 32: 409, 411 vertical distribution 32: 393 Brachiopods, classification 28: 179,359, 360 Brachiopods, comparisons with bivalves 28: 354– 356 dimensions and mantle cavity volumes 28: 357 Brachiopods, development 28: 273– 282 development type 28: 265 larva early 28: 278, 279 hatching 28: 279 –282 juvenile development after settlement 28: 282 pigment spots and setae 28: 248 mantle 28: 185– 187 oocyte cleavage 28: 278 oocyte diameters 28: 265, 282 summary 28: 277– 282 times for embryological features to appear, comparisons 28: 282 Brachiopods, ecology 28: 332– 346 community ecology 28: 345, 346 geographic distribution 28: 346 life history strategies 28: 333– 337 growth rate 28: 335– 337 patterns 28: 337 recruitment 28: 333– 335 survivorship 28: 337– 345 competition 28: 339– 341 disturbance 28: 341 pathology 28: 341, 342 patterns 28: 342– 345 predation 28: 337– 339 Brachiopods, genetics and biochemical systematics 28: 347– 352 classification 28: 179, 359, 360 enzyme systems 28: 347, 348 immunology 28: 349– 352 unweighted pair-group using averages (UPMGA) 28: 351, 352 morphometric analysis 28: 349 palaeontological studies 28: 177, 354 single-linkage cluster analysis 28: 353 CUMULATIVE SUBJECT INDEXES FOR VOLUMES 20–44 terminology 28: 178 Brachiopods, physiology and metabolism 28: 282– 332 digestion 28: 312– 316 distribution of enzymes, selected species 28: 315 energy turnover 28: 355, 356, 358 environmental tolerances anoxia 28: 330 salinity 28: 329, 330 temperature 28: 329 turbidity 28: 331, 332 excretion and ionic regulation 28: 322– 325 feeding clearance rates 28: 310– 312 feeding currents 28: 292–295 food sources 28: 306– 309 nutritional sources 28: 306– 309 particle capture 28: 295– 300 particle rejection mechanisms 28: 302, 303 particle retention efficiency 28: 309, 310 particle transport 28: 300– 304 quantitative physiology 28: 309– 312 selectivity 28: 304– 306 metabolic pathways 28: 325– 328 respiratory physiology 28: 316– 322 freeliving inarticulates 28: 288– 292 oxygen exchange 28: 320–322 rates of oxygen consumption 28: 317– 320 rates of water transport 28: 316, 317 respiratory proteins 28: 322 sensory/neuromuscular physiology/ behaviour 28: 282– 292 sessile articulates 28: 285– 288 Brachiopods, reproduction 28: 248– 273 adaptations 28: 358, 359 fertilization 28: 277, 278 gametogenesis 28: 255– 270 oogenesis 28: 258– 270 spermatogenesis 28: 249, 255– 258 ‘genital pits’ 28: 192 gonad shape, various brachiopods 28: 253 hermaphroditism 28: 265 morphology 28: 250– 254 genital lamella 28: 251–253 gonad development 28: 253, 254 oocyte diameters 28: 282 27 oocyte maturation 28: 277, 278 reproductive cycles 28: 272, 273 published data 28: 274– 276 sexual dimorphism 28: 250 spawning 28: 270– 272 brooding species 28: 271, 272 free-spawning species 28: 270, 271 strategies 28: 265 vitellogenesis 28: 259– 270 Brachiopods, structure and functional morphology 28: 178– 248 coelomic and vascular system 28: 212– 217 amoeboid cells 28: 215, 216 blood cells 28: 214 coelomocyte types 28: 213, 214– 217 general structure 28: 213, 214 spindle bodies 28: 216 digestive system 28: 226– 236 digestive cells 28: 233, 234 diverticula 28: 231– 234 functional morphology 28: 234– 236 intestine 28: 229, 230 type A secretory cells 28: 232, 233 type B secretory cells 28: 234 general characteristics 28: 178, 179 lophopore 28: 217– 226 blood vessels 28: 225 coelomic epithelium 28: 224, 225 connective tissue 28: 222– 224 epidermis 28: 217– 222 myoepithelia 28: 225 nerves 28: 224 mantle 28: 179– 200 caeca 28: 194– 200 development 28: 185– 187 gamete load 28: 192 general structure 28: 182– 185 generative region 28: 187– 200 inner mantle membrane 28: 182, 189– 192 mantle canal (sinus) 28: 193 outer mantle membrane 28: 182, 183, 193 ultrastructure 28: 187– 189, 195, 196 muscle arrangement 28: 237– 239 muscular system 28: 236– 244 myoepithelial cells 28: 240, 241 nerves and sensory structures 28: 244– 248 gap junctions 28: 245 setae (chaetae) 28: 246, 247 28 CUMULATIVE SUBJECT INDEXES FOR VOLUMES 20–44 statocysts 28: 245, 246 paramyosin 28: 243, 244 smooth muscles 28: 243 striated adductor muscles 28: 242 ultrastructure 28: 240–248 pedicle 28: 200– 212 classification 28: 210– 212 functional morphology 28: 209, 210 general structure 28: 201– 209 muscular system 28: 239 regeneration 28: 210 rootlet and bulb structure 28: 208, 209 trunk 28: 203– 208 shell secretion 28: 247 Brachyura, spermatophores 29: 130, 133, 195 chemical composition 29: 136– 139, 138, 139 copulatory organs 29: 139–141 dehiscence 29: 145 morphology 29: 133– 135, 197 origin 29: 135, 136 sperm receipt and storage 29: 141– 145, 198, 200 sperm transfer 29: 139, 199 Brackish water 33: 472– 479 estuaries 33: 474, 475– 477 fjords 33: 349– 351, 350, 477– 479, 478 river plumes 33: 474, 475 Brackish water, parasites 25: 146 Brackish water, parasites in 43: 55 Brain 33: 38 Brandt’s cormorant 20: 241, 243, 244 Bray-Curtis similarity coefficients in benthic studies 26: 182, 215, 216, 218 Brazil, coastal areas of 43: 11, 50 Breakage and repair of shells 42: 152, 281– 286, 282– 284 Bream 36: 25, 250 annular see annular gilthead egg quality 26: 74, 77, 84, 98, 99, 101 vertical migration in 26: 120, 121 Breeding biology see Reproduction Breeding fish see Farming, fish; Reproduction Breeding season, Donax and Bullia 25: 194, 236 Breeding seasonality, pycnogonid 24: 43, 44 breeding sex ratio, P.

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Advances in Marine Biology: Cumulative Subject Index Volumes 20-44 by Alan J. Southward, Paul A. Tyler, Craig M. Young, Lee A. Fuiman


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