Read e-book online African Political Thought PDF

By G. Martin

ISBN-10: 1137062053

ISBN-13: 9781137062055

ISBN-10: 1403966338

ISBN-13: 9781403966339

ISBN-10: 1403966346

ISBN-13: 9781403966346

Focusing on person political thinkers and starting with indigenous African political notion, the e-book successively examines African nationalism, African socialism, populism and Marxism, Africanism and pan-Africanism, concluding with modern views on democracy, improvement and the African state.

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On the other hand, mystic currents of thought—Sufism—sought to express religious feeling through asceticism and rejection of the world. In the twelfth century, Sufi brotherhoods—such as the Kadiriyya and the Shadhiliyya—began to appear, notably in Morocco. Sunnism (which was dominated by Malikism) made the Muslim community more intransigent in its dealings with African cultural traditions. Conversely, Sufism successfully spread the cult of holy men, which took on the role of healers and diviners, thus Islamizing some very ancient aspects of the culture and daily life of Africans.

29 In the Western Sudan (as in Takrur and Mali from the tenth century), Dar al-Islam coexisted with Dar al-Kafr (the land of the nonbelievers, or infidels). In the former, administrators appointed by the African leaders resided in the urban centers, while in the second, the peasant majority constituted a source of agricultural labor whose conversion was not considered essential or urgent. Sub-Saharan African rulers and their Muslim advisers attempted to achieve political and social integration on the Islamic model.

Indigenous African political systems and institutions were traditionally based on kinship and common ancestry. These systems were based on the rule of law, and the rules and procedures of governance were established by custom and tradition. In these systems, succession was institutionalized in such a way that family, clan, and ethnic competition for power was minimized. The African concept of power fused the secular and the sacred; the leader was both a secular and religious leader, and he acted as intermediary between the living and the dead—between the people and their ancestors.

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African Political Thought by G. Martin


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