By Osito M. Ogbu, Paschal Mihyo
As is occurring within the industrialized North, the knowledge revolution might good rework the constructing international locations of the South. in truth, it truly is already taking place. nations that just a decade in the past appeared distant now have the capability to be lively avid gamers within the approaches of worldwide improvement. As those details and communique applied sciences (ICTs) emerge in Africa, they give desire to the continent's early life. This ebook describes a brand new initiative to advertise the involvement of adlescent in Africa's new info economic climate. It experiences current infrastructure, the coverage surroundings and its effect, and the feasibility of elevated ICT functions in rural groups. it's going to entice decision-makers and ICT manufacturers and clients, in addition to to improvement execs, lecturers, scholars, policymakers, and practitioners in foreign improvement and knowledge know-how.
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Extra resources for African Youth on the Information Highway: Participation and Leadership in Community Development
Yet, telecommunications applications are now available for use in health-care delivery (telemedicine, home working), telecommuting, and interactive distance learning — the very applications the country badly needs in its quest for development and newly industrialized country status by 2020. In recognition of the need to develop telecommunications, the Kenyan government published a sector policy guideline in January 1997 to chart the way forward (GOK 1997) (Figure 1). 840 000 lines => a 380 000 lines 2 700 000 lines International gateway services VSAT hubs for international data National long-distance telephone service b VSAT hubs for national data communication Infrastructure exclusivity for Telkom Kenya Ltd Local access Local switching Second cellular operator 30% IPO for Telkom Kenya Ltd ° Cellular joint venture with Telkom Kenya Ltd Increasing sector reform (privatization and liberalization) Trunked mobile radio Paging Enhanced services • Data services (data communications) • e-mail (Internet) VSAT terminals (supply and installation) Telephone and fax bureaus <= CPE supply and installation Customer wiring 1997 2000 2005 Year 2010 2015 Figure 1.
Meanwhile, African countries have been actively promoting the development of Internet use, particularly through academic institutions. A policy statement released by the Ministry of Transport and Communication in January 1997 was perhaps the first official recognition of the Internet. Currently, ISPs have to pay a hefty licence fee of 250 000 KES and a higher price for international leased lines, almost four times what ISPs have to pay in Uganda. Kenya has restricted the use of satellite technologies (that is, VSATs), which would offer cheaper international connectivity and provide more capacity than available through KPTC.
Economic output has increasingly shifted from agriculture and industry to services. In the member countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the service-industry and publicsector share in the economy is now 70%, whereas manufacturing and agricultural account for only 25 and 3%, respectively (Forge 1995). This trend is also evident in the poorer countries, where the service-sector share in the economy is higher (43%) than those of manufacturing and agriculture. This demand is creating a new industry, an industry devoted to creating, processing, and disseminating information to consumers.
African Youth on the Information Highway: Participation and Leadership in Community Development by Osito M. Ogbu, Paschal Mihyo