By Jairus Banaji
This publication argues that the past due empire observed giant financial and social swap, propelled through the robust stimulus of a solid gold coinage that circulated largely. Exploiting quite a lot of assets, Agrarian switch in past due Antiquity weaves jointly diversified strands of historiography (Weber, Mickwitz, papyrology, agrarian historical past) right into a attention-grabbing interpretation that demanding situations the minimalist orthodoxies approximately overdue antiquity and the traditional economic system extra regularly.
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Extra resources for Agrarian Change in Late Antiquity: Gold, Labour, and Aristocratic Dominance
Cf. P. 8). ) the epoikion of Eustochius (in the Fayum) contained roughly 150 inhabitants. Compare this with the Naqlun monastery a few kilometres to 12 The Rural Landscape of the Late Empire villages which were not controlled by estates39 Libanius’ distinction on the whole seems valid. 42 The organization of estates must have been determined crucially by their use of labour, and it is hard to believe that owners would have adopted a single pattern of labour-use across diverse ecological zones where diﬀerent crops predominated and labour requirements varied correspondingly.
Land Use in the Roman Empire (Rome, 1994) 159 ﬀ. for a rebuttal of this argument, and M. S. AD 100 (JRS Monographs No. 3, 1986) 133–40, on ‘slave-staﬀed arable estates’. 11–13 wanted tighter controls through sample checks and the use of measuring devices; for one of these, which local farmers called ciconia, he produced a design modiﬁcation that would enable landowners to argue their case for a better quality of trenching. In Columella’s example the contractor seems to have no latitude in determining the way the job is done; the method is predetermined and the work (based on contract labour) tightly supervised.
Shaw, ‘Under Russian Eyes’, JRS 82 (1992) 216–28. -G. Gorges, Les Villas hispano-romaines. Inventaire et problématiques archéologiques (Paris, 1979) 47–9. 68 M. Biró ‘Roman Villas in Pannonia’, AArchHung 26 (1974) 23–57, esp. 53, 52. 69 J. A. Greene, ‘Une reconnaissance archéologique dans l’arrière-pays de la Carthage 64 The Rural Landscape of the Late Empire 17 the other end of the Mediterranean, the fourth to sixth centuries were a period of remarkable rural expansion. 75 Further north, in the massifs between Antioch, Chalcis, and Apamea, cash poured into the villages through the large-scale trade in olive oil.
Agrarian Change in Late Antiquity: Gold, Labour, and Aristocratic Dominance by Jairus Banaji