Download PDF by Steven R. Tabor: Agricultural research in an era of adjustment: policies,

By Steven R. Tabor

ISBN-10: 0821331973

ISBN-13: 9780821331972

Show description

Read Online or Download Agricultural research in an era of adjustment: policies, institutions, and progress PDF

Similar agriculture books

Download PDF by Francis J. Pierce, Qin Zhang: Agricultural Automation: Fundamentals and Practices

Agricultural automation is the middle expertise for computer-aided agricultural creation administration and implementation. An integration of apparatus, infotronics, and precision farming applied sciences, it creates achievable suggestions for demanding situations dealing with the foodstuff, fiber, feed, and gas wishes of the human race now and into the longer term.

Read e-book online Plant Breeding Reviews: Long-Term Selection: Maize, Volume PDF

Plant Breeding stories, quantity 24, half 1 provides state of the art reports on plant genetics and the breeding of all kinds of plants through either conventional ability and molecular tools. The emphasis of the sequence is on method, a realistic figuring out of crop genetics, and functions to significant plants.

Download e-book for kindle: Chitosan Based Nanomaterials in Plant Growth and Protection by Vinod Saharan, Ajay Pal

This short describes a number of equipment of chitosan nano-materials synthesis, with exact dialogue of assorted elements effecting its synthesis strategy, balance and physicochemical homes. Chitosan is of course happening biopolymer derived from chitin. as a result of the precise organic houses of chitosan nano-materials similar to antimicrobial, plant progress inducer, plant safeguard modulator, chitosan has won recognition in fields of plant sciences.

Extra resources for Agricultural research in an era of adjustment: policies, institutions, and progress

Example text

For many countries, the success or failure of a structural adjustment program hinges on the policies that are formulated for the agriculture sector, and the sector's response to those policies. Agriculture is typically important for both export earnings and import substitution. If the production of tradables is to expand to meet debt-servicing requirements and to achieve a sustainable position in the external account, it is virtually obligatory that agriculture assume a central role in structural adjustment.

Above all, however, one must look to the type of longer-term strategy that the country had been pursuing. This will often help explain why an external shock had a greater or lesser effect. Furthermore, it will influence the type of policy response that is both politically feasible and economically appropriate. Finally, it will condition the outcome of any adjustment policies that a country implements. An important issue is whether to consider the causes of the imbalances that gave rise to the need for stabilization and adjustment policies (Kahn and Knight 1981).

Higher taxes, reduced public spending, and a rise in real interest rates all act to reduce real domestic spending. These policies do not necessarily reduce the output of tradable goods; rather, they cut domestic consumption of tradables as real spending comes into line with domestic income. This improves the trade balance. Nevertheless, the decline in aggregate demand can result in marked reductions in the output of nontraded goods. If, in the short run, prices of nontradable goods are fully flexible downward, the effect of a reduction in absorption will be to create an initial condition of excess supply in the home goods market.

Download PDF sample

Agricultural research in an era of adjustment: policies, institutions, and progress by Steven R. Tabor


by Donald
4.2

Rated 4.49 of 5 – based on 32 votes