By Khaled Fahmy
Whereas scholarship has normally seen Mehmed Ali Pasha because the founding father of glossy Egypt, Khaled Fahmy bargains a brand new interpretation of his function within the upward thrust of Egyptian nationalism, firmly finding him in the Ottoman context as an formidable, if problematical, Ottoman reformer. Basing his paintings on formerly overlooked archival fabric, the writer demonstrates how Mehmed Ali sought to enhance the Egyptian financial system and to accumulate the military, no longer as a way of gaining Egyptian independence from the Ottoman empire, yet to additional his personal goals for well-known hereditary rule over the province. through concentrating on the military and the soldier’s day-by-day reviews, the writer constructs a close photo of makes an attempt at modernization and reform, how they have been deliberate and applied via numerous reformers, and the way the general public at huge understood and accommodated them. during this manner, the paintings contributes to the bigger methodological and theoretical debates touching on nation-building and the development of country strength within the specific context of early nineteenth-century Egypt.
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Additional resources for All the Pasha's Men: Mehmed Ali His Army and the Making of Modern Egypt
These then are the main questions that this book is interested in. To recapitulate: What was the nature of Egyptian society in the first half of the nineteenth century insofar as its national identity was concerned? How did the Pasha and his elite identify themselves: as a Turkishspeaking elite that ruled an Arabic-speaking province of the Ottoman Empire or as a proto-national elite that attempted to deliver Egypt from the heavy burden of the Ottoman yoke? How did the non-elite members of Egyptian society react to their rulers' struggles against the "men from Istanbul," as the officials of the central administration of the Ottoman Empire were referred to?
Scribes, guards, lowerranking government bureaucrats, non-commissioned officers, nurses and servants: these are examples of people who stood at the peripheries of these two groups and facilitated the communication and the interaction between their respective members. Instead of highlighting the roles of these people as negotiators of boundaries and facilitators of the dialog between the two groups, Toledano in fact highlights the distinctiveness of both groups and the near impossibility of a dialog.
As a model [which] could be exactly reproduced abroad . . "82 What we are offered here is a concise history of the idea of discipline as formulated by British (and Egyptian) educationalists and not a historical account of the performance of 81 82 For an interesting critique of Mitchell along these lines see Sami Zubaida, "Exhibitions of power," Economy and Society, 19(1990), p. 359-75, where he specifically criticizes him for "running a contrast between a modernity identified with an aggressive colonial order, and an older order which had been read and misunderstood, and as such re-read by [Mitchell] often in rosy light": p.
All the Pasha's Men: Mehmed Ali His Army and the Making of Modern Egypt by Khaled Fahmy