By Michael E. Q. Pilson
Totally up to date and extended, this new version presents scholars with an obtainable creation to marine chemistry. It highlights geochemical interactions among the sea, stable earth, surroundings and weather, permitting scholars to understand the interconnectedness of Earths approaches and structures and elucidates the large adaptations within the oceans chemical setting, from floor waters to deep water. Written in a transparent, enticing means, the e-book presents scholars in oceanography, marine chemistry and biogeochemistry with the elemental instruments they wish for a powerful figuring out of ocean chemistry. Appendices current details on seawater homes, key equations and constants for calculating oceanographic strategies. New to this variation are end-of-chapter difficulties for college kids to place concept into perform, summaries to permit effortless evaluation of fabric and a complete thesaurus. helping on-line assets comprise options to difficulties and figures from the booklet.
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Additional info for An Introduction to the Chemistry of the Sea
During the next hundred years studies of this laboratory curiosity (Sloan and Koh 2008) led to the discovery that numerous other small gas molecules (including methane, CH4) will form hydrates (now commonly called clathrate structures or clathrates), though usually this requires a higher gas pressure than was the case with chlorine, which forms hydrates at atmospheric pressure. Methane clathrate then achieved some prominence in the 1930s after it was found to cause serious problems when it formed in high-pressure natural-gas pipelines.
The deep water of the world ocean is thus replaced in approximately 1000 years, at a rate of about 30 Sv. The great surface currents flowing around the central gyres in the major ocean basins transport immense quantities of water, heat, salt, and other substances. , ed. 1978. Oceanography, Concepts and History. Dowden, Hutchinson & Ross, Stroudsburg, PA. Deacon, Margaret B. 1971. Scientists and the Sea: A Study of Marine Science. Academic Press, New York. These two books by Margaret Deacon are excellent sources for much of the early history of oceanography.
Comp. 1 Unusual properties of water Comments High boiling point High melting point High specific heat High heat conductivity High heat of evaporation High heat of melting Maximum density at 4 C High surface tension High viscosity High dielectric constant All these properties relating to heat cause water to be important in moderating temperature extremes, and in transporting heat from place to place around Earth. 1 Relationship of boiling 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 –20 –40 –60 –80 H2O H2Te H2Se H2S 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 point to molecular weight for the hydrides of the elements (tellurium, selenium, sulfur, and oxygen) belonging to Group 16 in the periodic table.
An Introduction to the Chemistry of the Sea by Michael E. Q. Pilson